Tetanus is a severe bacterial disease that affects the nervous system resulting into painful muscle contractions in the neck and jaw muscles. Tetanus can interfere with the breathing system and ultimately cause death. Tetanus is also referred to as “lockjaw.” Statistics show that tetanus affects about one million people globally each year with the highest number of incidences being reported in developing countries.
|Drug name||Generic Name||Coupon|
|Antibiotics – These are administered orally or by an injection to help fight the tetanus bacteria.|
|Vaccine – Vaccines are given to help prevent future tetanus infections.|
|Sedatives – Doctors administer powerful sedatives to help control muscle spasms|
|Other drugs – Other medications that may be used to treat tetanus include magnesium sulphate, morphine, and certain beta blockers. These primarily help control involuntary muscle activity such as breathing and the heart rate.|
The tetanus sign and symptoms may become noticeable within a few days or weeks after infection. The average incubation period for the tetanus bacterial is seven to eight days. The most prevalent symptoms of tetanus include:
Other signs and symptoms may include:
Tetanus is caused by bacteria known as Clostridium tetani that are found in soil, animal feces and dust. When the bacteria enter a deep flesh wound, the spores generate a powerful toxin known as tetanospasmin which impairs the motor neurons, the nerves responsible for controlling the muscles. The effects of the toxins on the motor neurons can lead to muscle stiffness and spasms, two of the major signs of tetanus.
The risk factors that can trigger the occurrence of tetanus include:
Unlike many conditions, tetanus diagnosis does not entail laboratory tests. However, the doctor may still conduct a couple of laboratory tests to help rule out conditions with similar symptoms such as meningitis or rabies. The process diagnosis for tetanus involves:
There is no known treatment for Tetanus at the moment. However, there are measures that can be taken to reduce the intensity of the disease such as wound care and use of medications as well as supportive care.
Cleaning the wound is an integral part of curbing the growth and spread of tetanus spores. Cleaning involves removing the dirt and dead tissue as well foreign deposits from the wound.
Severe cases of tetanus infections necessitate a long period of treatment often in an intensive care setting. Because the sedatives used to relieve the symptoms of tetanus may cause shallow breathing, the patient may need to use a ventilator temporarily.
One of the most powerful treatments for tetanus, the vaccine, is made of deactivated tetanus vaccine. The vaccine is primarily used to prevent an individual from contracting tetanus.
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