Heart attacks

A heart attack is a condition that occurs when the blood flow to the heart is blocked. The blockage happens mainly by the accumulation of substances such as cholesterol and fat, forming plaque coronary arteries that feed the heart muscle. Medically known as myocardial infarction, the blocked coronary artery deprives the heart of oxygen and blood.


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Heart attacks Symptoms

Symptoms of a heart attack differ among patients, and even a patient who has experienced an earlier heart attack can suffer from different symptoms in a heart attack that follows. A person experiencing a heart attack may not even be sure of what is happening. Even though chest pains and pressure are the main symptoms of heart attacks, patients may experience a variety of symptoms, which include:

  • Pain and a squeezing sensation in the chest or arms that can spread to the neck and back.
  • Jaw pain or toothache and headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting, and discomfort in the upper middle abdomen.
  • Cold sweat
  • Sudden dizziness and Lightheadedness
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Upper back pain
  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness
  • Fatigue


Heart attacks Causes

One of the main causes of a heart attack is when one or more of the coronary arteries get blocked. This situation arises when the coronary arteries can narrow from the build-up of various substances such as fats and cholesterol. The condition is known as coronary artery disease, which is the primary cause of heart attack. other causes of heart attack include:

  • Contraction (spasm) of coronary arteries that shut down blood flow to parts of the heart muscles.
  • Addiction of tobacco, cigarettes and illegal drugs, such as cocaine also can cause life-threatening contractions.
  • A heart attack taking place when a person experiences a tear in the heart artery.


Heart attacks Diagnosis

Diagnosis helps to check if patients' signs and symptoms indicate heart attacks or other conditions such as risk factors leading to heart attacks. The following are some of the diagnosis that doctor conduct:

  • Electrocardiogram (ECG): This is the first test performed to diagnose a heart attack. It records the electrical waves and activities of the heart through electrodes attached to the skin.
  • Blood tests: Some specific heart enzymes gradually leak out into the bloodstream if the heart has gets damaged by a heart attack. Doctors will usually take samples of patients' blood to examine if these enzymes are present.
  • Chest X-ray: A doctor performs an X-ray image to check for the heart's size and its blood vessels and detect the presence of fluid in the lungs.


Heart attacks Treatment

Symptoms of a heart attack differ among patients, and even a patient who has experienced an earlier heart attack can suffer from different symptoms in a heart attack that follows. A person experiencing a heart attack may not even be sure of what is happening. Even though chest pains and pressure are the main symptoms of heart attacks, patients may experience a variety of symptoms, which include:

  • Pain and a squeezing sensation in the chest or arms that can spread to the neck and back.
  • Jaw pain or toothache and headache
  • Shortness of breath
  • Nausea, vomiting, and discomfort in the upper middle abdomen.
  • Cold sweat
  • Sudden dizziness and Lightheadedness
  • Heartburn or indigestion
  • Upper back pain
  • Lightheadedness or sudden dizziness
  • Fatigue


Main Heart attacks Drugs

Metoprolol Atenolol Bisoprolol


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