Proteins and cells in the blood and lymphoid tissue (bone marrow, lymph nodes, thymus, and spleen and gastrointestinal tract parts) make up the immune system. The immune system works properly when these organs produce and give off lymphocytes (white blood cells) to fight antigens, or foreign matter, such as bacteria, that is in the body and will cause the body to get sick. An immunodeficiency disorder occurs when, for a certain reason, the immune system does not function the way it is supposed to. When the immune system cannot function correctly it is unable to properly fight diseases and infections. This disorder results in a patient becoming more vulnerable to getting sick, due to viral and bacterial infections. There are many specific types of immunodeficiency disorders, and each is presented and treated differently. These specific types include AIDS, immune system cancers (e.g. leukemia), and complex immune diseases (e.g. viral hepatitis).
|Drug name||Generic Name||Coupon|
|Gammagard S/D||Gammagard S/D coupon|
|Winrho||Rho (d) immune globulin||Winrho coupon|
Each specific type of immunodeficiency order has its own symptoms. In general, the symptom that points to an immune system abnormality and the one most patients notice first is that they are always sick, and/or are sick for a long period of time, even if the illnesses are not serious.
There are two main types of immunodeficiency disorders: primary and secondary. The cause of an immunodeficiency disorder differs depending on which type the disorder is.
Secondary immunodeficiency disorders are more common, and they can be the product of a variety of causes.
A doctor may suspect a patient has an immunodeficiency if the patient suffers from infections that occur frequently and/or do not go away. Also, if the patient suffers from a serious infection from conditions that do not usually produce such a severe reaction, or present one or more of the symptoms mentioned, they might suffer from an immunodeficiency.
Early identification of immunodeficiency disorders, followed by correct treatment, is very important to ensuring that the patient is able to live a healthy life with the disorder.
A doctor may perform a variety of tests to diagnose immunodeficiency:
Medication and preventative action are combined to create specific treatments based on the type of immunodeficiency disorder one has. For example, in addition to the common medications given and preventative actions taken, as described below, other diseases related to immunodeficiency disorders (AIDs, cancer, etc.) need to be treated as well.
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