During the transplantation of human organs from one person to another, organs are usually taken from the body of a deceased person and transplanted into a living person requiring urgent treatment for an end state organ failure. In order to transplant an organ, the donor must be pronounced dead and the removal process must follow legal guidelines as binding by both the deceased donor and the medical establishment involved in the procedure. A single person can save up to eight lives with the donation of all their organs at death. Organ transplants come in many forms and types, ranging from kidney, liver, pancreas, lung and heart transplants. The most common form of organ transplantation are kidney transplants. The mode of handling, preserving, and transporting donated organs is very important to ensure that the organ continues to breathe and ultimately remains available for use when they arrive at the end user. Most organs stop breathing after a short period once outside the human body, and doctors typically have only about 5 -10 hours to perform the entire transplantation to ensure that the organs don't go to waste after removal.
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Many organ transplants result in a number of symptoms as the body attempts to reject the foreign organ. These symptoms can range from acute to chronic depending on body tolerance. Additionally, symptoms will vary depending on the type of organ transplanted and the way the procedure was performed. However, medical science has developed powerful medications that can suppress the immune system following an organ transplant, to make acceptance of the new organ more probable.
There are many reasons why a person may need an organ transplant.
End stage organ failure can occur with any organ, but organ failure typically concerns organs such as the heart, liver, pancreas, lungs, or kidney.
Diagnoses of most organ transplants typically follow end-stage organ failures. When a person is diagnosed with end-stage organ failure, they must undergo a waiting period until a donated organ from a deceased person is available to be transplanted.
Several diseases can lead to end-stage organ failure:
In the past, organ transplants were high-risk procedures and organ rejection was common and difficult to combat. However, with advancements in surgical technology and improved drugs, treatment for organ transplants has been highly developed to prevent infections and organ rejection.
Typically, treatment to prevent organ rejection relies on a variety of immune-system suppressing medications. Rejection occurs because the recipient's body recognized the new, transplanted organ as a foreign agent and their immune system attempts to reject it. When the recipient's immune system is suppressed in certain ways it becomes apter to accept the donated organ.
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