Ovarian cancer is found in the tissue of women's ovaries. There are two types of ovarian Cancers. Most forms are ovarian epithelial carcinomas, which means the cancer begins in the cells on the surface of the ovaries. The other type is a malignant germ cell tumor, where the cancer begins inside the eggs cells.
Ovarian Cancer Symptoms
Early stages of ovarian cancer may have little to no signs. Most of these symptoms are noticed after the disease has spread beyond the ovaries. You may also experience these symptoms in earlier stages as well. Pay close attention to your body. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms get checked out as soon as possible, to ensure the best possible results.
- pelvic or abdominal pain
- trouble eating or getting full fast
- urinary symptoms; such as urgently and frequently going to the bathroom
- pain during sex
- upset stomach
- back pain
- menstrual changes
- abdominal swelling and weight loss.
Ovarian Cancer Causes
The distinct causes of ovarian cancer are still unknown.
- Overall all cancers start off when a genetic mutation turns normal cells into abnormal cells. When this happens the cancer cells multiply at a rapid rate forming a mass or tumor. When untreated or undetected early, they will invade nearby tissues by breaking off from the tumor and spreading elsewhere.
Although the cause is still unknown, there are some factors as to why someone may get ovarian cancer. These factors include never being pregnant, inherited gene mutation, your age when you started and ended menstruation, fertility treatments, smoking, and intrauterine devices.
Ovarian Cancer Diagnosis
If you think you are experiencing symptoms of ovarian cancer you should see your doctor immediately. Your doctor will examine you by running some tests.
- You will most likely start off by having a physical exam.
- Your doctor will examine you and ask a series of questions about your family's history of illnesses, and give you a few physical signs to look for.
- Some of the signs are an enlarged ovary and signs of fluid in the abdomen.
- If there is any reason as to why your doctor may think you have ovarian cancer, then further tests will be ran.
Ovarian Cancer Treatment
The treatment options for stroke depend upon the type of stroke experienced by the patient. If the stroke is due to a blood clot, then thrombolytic therapy can be commenced. Drugs such as recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) have proven beneficial in this regard. The clot may also be removed surgically, in a procedure known as thrombectomy. Such surgery must take effect rapidly as more brain cells die as the stroke progresses. Anticoagulant medication may be beneficial in ischaemic stroke, but it is hazardous in the treatment of haemorrhagic stroke. The cause of the internal bleeding needs to be identified before measures can be taken to alleviate its effects. Once the stroke has been sufficiently treated, patients may need to enter rehabilitation centres depending on the extent and severity of the stroke they experienced.